First tie up

So I put my Julia loom together last week and I think my knees have recovered enough that its time to do the first tie up.

With 8 shafts and 8 treadles, I'm not sure how to do that.  Apparently there is no 8/8 "universal" tie up.  And I'll be weaving 4/6 to start with anyway.

So what do I do with the left over treadles and shafts???


Posted on Wed, 09/17/2014 - 19:34

Extemporating from my first weaving school experiences:

* when you beam the warp, *everything* (yes, everything: treadles, lamms, shafts...) should be *off* the loom: it should be beamed as a "bare frame" (with he exception of the beater, which holds the reed with the pre-sleyed warp)

* after beaming, take the beater off, hang the number of shafts you will need; thread the heddles

* that done, hang the beater again - sley the reed

* mount the number of lamms and treadles you need

* now start with the"upper tie-up": mount the horses (if using CB) and hang the shafts. If using CM: hang/mount the shafts. In both instances make sure the shafts are somehow held in position ("shaft holders" or, for CM, fudge it with using the CM pins in place)

* start the "lower tie-up": connect the lamms (one set for CB, for CM start with the upper lamms, go on to connecting the lower lamms, still with the pins in place)

* get out your tie-up plan. Tie accordingly: if CB, tie the lamms for sinking (all not-tied shafts will rise, due to the CB action); if CM tie all sinkers between upper lamms and treadles, all risers between lower lamms and treadles)

* tie the warp to the front apron rod; tension.

* free the shafts (take them out of the shafts holders and/or take out the pins). Test the sheds/treadles by stepping on them, one by one. Look for uneven sheds (shed floors - shuttles ride on the bottom of the shed, therefore it is of less importance if the top of the shed is even). Adjust shed floors accordingly.

* weave!

OK - so as soon as I had my own loom, I stopped stripping it to the bare frame between warps. However, I always take off shafts and lamms I don't use, as they tend to get in the way.

In my experience, the *only* important thing is that the shed [floors] are even, because that is where the shuttle rides.

- I also do not believe in "universal" tie-ups. It could be "just me", but I find it so much easier to have a "logical" treadling sequence than to have to memorize lots of combination treadlings. Besides, I weave on a CM, and any kind of universal tie-up is against the idea of a CM action...

Posted on Wed, 09/17/2014 - 23:29

With 4/6 there is a "sort of" universal tieup.

Assuming you will "walk the treadles" - place the tabby treadles (1&3, 2&4) either in the center or the outside of your six treadles.

Now, tie the remaining four to a 2/2 twill - 1&2, 2&3, 3&4, 4&1 - in an order that you can remember. (I do it left to right, switching feet in the middle).

This tieup is the one you can use for about 75% of Davison's "Handweavers Pattern Book" - good for tabby, twill, overshot, monk's belt, fancy twills, and many more.

By the time you need a new tieup, you'll be experienced enough that it isn't difficult at all.

My usual setup - tabby on the outside - is as follows

1. 1&3

2. 1&2

3. 2&3

4. 3&4

5. 4&1

6. 2&4

Posted on Wed, 09/17/2014 - 23:56

I do the same as Sara on my four shaft loom.  For 8 shafts there really isn't a 'skeleton' tie up as such because there are so many more options for combinations depending on weave structure.



Posted on Thu, 09/18/2014 - 13:32

Be aware that the universal tieup presented above does not work for countermarche, if you want to use both feet.

(Or, if you wish to use it with a CM *and* use both feet, remember to tie for rising only - or for sinking only.)

Posted on Fri, 09/19/2014 - 13:53

Sorry about that! I completely missed this was a loom assembly tie up question, not a particular draft question. (I'll slink out of the room now...)

Posted on Sat, 09/20/2014 - 21:53

No reason to slink away!  I probably SHOULD pick a draft first, just in case it needs a non-"standard" tie-up.

But I'm having trouble settling on a first project ... and then I need to buy yarn ... all in all, very uncoordinated about the whole thing!